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Traumatic Brain Injury Causes and Effects

  • traumatic brain injury

Take a look at the infographic below to understand what causes a traumatic brain injury, as well as symptoms, effects and prevention.



  • Traumatic brain injuries contribute to about 30% of all injury deaths
  • 138 people in the United States die from injuries that include TBI every day
  • 1.7 million people sustain a TBI each year. Of them, 52,000 die, 275,000 are hospitalized and 1.4 million are treated and released


TBI Causes Effects


Prevention: Wear your seat belt and helmet, remove tripping hazards, maintain regular physical activity

Causes: A bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain

Symptoms: Numbness, drowsiness, severe headache, weakness in arms or legs, dizziness, loss of vision, slurred speech, confusion, nausea

Effects: Impaired thinking or memory, movement, sensation (vision or hearing), or emotional functioning (personality changes, depression)

Leading Causes:
– 40.5% – Falls
– 14.3% – Vehicle crashes
– 19.0% – Unknown
– 10.7% – Assaults
– 15.5% – Unintentional trauma